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15 Side Effects and Risks of CBD Consumption

side effects and risks of CBD consumption

In recent years, cannabidiol (CBD) has emerged as a prominent player in the realm of natural health remedies, garnering attention for its potential therapeutic benefits. Extracted from cannabis plants, CBD has been hailed for its potential to alleviate a range of ailments, from chronic pain to anxiety.

However, like any substance that interacts with the human body, CBD consumption is not without its potential side effects and risks. As individuals explore the world of CBD for its potential health advantages, it is crucial to be well-informed about the potential downsides to make educated decisions about its use.

Side effects and risks of CBD consumption

1. Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is a common side effect of CBD consumption. CBD can temporarily inhibit the secretion of saliva, leading to a feeling of dryness in the mouth. This is often referred to as “cottonmouth.” It occurs because CBD can affect the functioning of the salivary glands, reducing saliva production. Staying hydrated and drinking water can help alleviate this discomfort.

side effects and risks of CBD consumption dry mouth

2. Dizziness

Dizziness or lightheadedness can occur after taking CBD, particularly at higher doses. This effect might be related to CBD’s ability to lower blood pressure. When blood pressure drops suddenly, it can result in feelings of dizziness or even fainting. Starting with a lower dose and gradually increasing it can help reduce the likelihood of experiencing this side effect.

3. Changes in Appetite

CBD can impact appetite in different ways. Some individuals may experience an increase in appetite, often referred to as “the munchies,” while others might notice a decrease in hunger. These effects are thought to be influenced by how CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a role in regulating various physiological processes, including appetite.

4. Diarrhea

Digestive issues, including diarrhea, have been reported by some individuals using high doses of CBD, particularly when first starting to use the compound. This could be due to the interaction of CBD with the gastrointestinal system, causing changes in gut motility or irritation. Gradually increasing the dose can help the body adjust and minimize the risk of digestive discomfort.

side effects and risks of CBD consumption diarrhea

5. Interaction with Other Medications

CBD can interact with enzymes in the liver that metabolize various medications. This interaction can lead to either increased or decreased levels of these medications in the bloodstream. If CBD inhibits the metabolism of a medication, it could lead to higher concentrations and potentially increase the risk of side effects. On the other hand, if CBD accelerates the metabolism, it might reduce the effectiveness of the medication.

6. Liver Enzyme Changes

Some studies have suggested that high doses of CBD could lead to changes in liver enzyme levels, specifically the enzymes responsible for metabolizing drugs. While these changes are generally temporary and reversible, they might indicate potential liver issues, especially in individuals with pre-existing liver conditions.

7. Psychiatric Effects

While CBD is not psychoactive like THC, it can still influence mood and mental state in some individuals. Some users might experience increased anxiety, irritability, or changes in mood after using CBD. However, CBD is also being investigated for its potential to help manage anxiety and mood disorders in some individuals.

8. Lack of Regulation

The lack of strict regulation in the CBD market means that the quality and content of CBD products can vary widely. Some products might contain inaccurate levels of CBD or even harmful contaminants such as pesticides, heavy metals, or solvents. Choosing reputable brands and products that undergo third-party testing can help mitigate this risk.

9. Allergic Reactions

As with any substance, allergic reactions to CBD are possible, although they are relatively rare. Allergic reactions might manifest as skin rashes, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing. If you suspect an allergic reaction, it’s important to discontinue use and seek medical attention.

10. Drug Testing

Although CBD itself is not psychoactive and doesn’t cause the “high” associated with THC, some CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC due to contamination or the use of full-spectrum extracts. Depending on the sensitivity of drug tests and the amount of THC present, using such products could potentially lead to a positive drug test result for THC.

side effects and risks of CBD consumption drug testing

11. Tolerance and Withdrawal

Long-term use of CBD may lead to tolerance, where the body becomes accustomed to its effects, potentially requiring higher doses for the same benefits. Additionally, some individuals might experience withdrawal symptoms if they abruptly stop using CBD after prolonged use, including irritability, mood changes, and sleep disturbances.

12. Limited Research on Long-Term Effects

While research on CBD is expanding, there is still a lack of comprehensive long-term studies that thoroughly assess the safety and potential risks of prolonged CBD use. As a result, the full scope of potential long-term effects remains somewhat uncertain.

13. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

The effects of CBD on pregnancy and breastfeeding are not well understood. Due to the potential risks, it’s generally recommended that pregnant and breastfeeding individuals avoid CBD products.

14. Gastrointestinal Issues

In some cases, CBD oil or tinctures can cause gastrointestinal discomfort, including nausea or an upset stomach. This is more likely to occur when CBD is taken on an empty stomach.

15. Respiratory Risks (Vaping)

If CBD is consumed through vaping, there may be risks associated with inhaling vaporized substances into the lungs. This is particularly concerning with poorly regulated or illicit vaping products that may contain harmful additives.


While CBD holds promise as a natural remedy for various health concerns, it’s important to approach its consumption with a balanced perspective. The known side effects of CBD, such as dry mouth, dizziness, and changes in appetite, are generally mild and manageable.

However, the potential for interactions with other medications, liver enzyme changes, and variable product quality underline the need for caution.

As research on CBD continues to evolve, individuals considering its use for therapeutic purposes should engage in open conversations with healthcare professionals, closely monitor their own responses, and opt for reputable products to ensure both safety and effectiveness.

In navigating the world of CBD, knowledge, prudence, and personalized guidance should be the guiding principles for making informed decisions about its consumption.

Why Hemp Joy

We hope our article helped you understand side effects and risks of CBD consumption.

The Hemp Joy team has a unique vision for providing a natural way of supporting your immune system and overall wellness. Fans of our topical lotions, oils, and salves benefit from a wide variety of organic and Non-GMO plant-based wholesome ingredients.

Located in sunny Florida State, Hemp Joy is actively involved in the continuous research and development of new products and formulas to help improve your lifestyle.

Check out our CBD store, to purchase high-quality organic CBD products that will last you a long time, or contact us if you have any questions.

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